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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come prior to the word they describe (That is a lovely puppy.) or they could stick to the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, as well as other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer the question how, so we will give attention to these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it’s an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how exactly we performed.
A special ly rule applies when four of the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to ly determine if ought to be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb has been used actively. If so, make use of the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The girl looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We have been only appearance that is describing so no ly.
The girl looked angry/angrily in the paint splotches.
Here the girl did look with eyes actively so that the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly concerning the news.
She actually is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
The phrase good is an while that is adjective is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the work.
You did the working job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the manner in which you smell together with your nose, so follow with the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You will be actively smelling with a nose here so follow using the adverb.
When referring to health, always use well.
Examples I do not feel well.
That you do not look well today.
You may use good with feel while you are not talking about health.
I feel good about my decision to essay writer learn Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs comes from using the incorrect form for comparison. For example, to explain the one thing we might say poor, as with, “this woman is poor.” To compare a few things, we must say poorer, as in, “this woman is the poorer of this two women.” To compare more than two things, we ought to say poorest, as with, “She is the poorest of these all.”
- More efficient*
Three or even more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or even more syllables, do not add -er or -est. Use more or most in front associated with words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
If this, that, these, and the ones are followed closely by nouns, they’ve been adjectives. Them, they are pronouns when they appear without a noun following.
This house is for sale.
This will be an adjective here.
This can be for sale.
This can be a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, if they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This can be mine.
That is hers.
These and people are plural, whether they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something “over there.”
These babies have now been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.
I would personally rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing